Making a raven (and the mistakes in the process)

Making a raven (and the mistakes in the process)

Around December of last year, I was asked by a friend and customer to make a life size sculpture of a raven. I’d never done one before, so it was an exciting challenge to accept.

My husband, a professional painter and sculptor, helped me create a template. I then created the core with needle felting foam rectangles, which I cut and glued to size. I then covered the foam with wool.

Feathers were another challenge for me, I researched quite a bit online to see how other people were making them and tried a technique whereby you add wool top to fusible interfacing, add a wire in the middle and steam iron everything together, but the interfacing was just too white and showed through. Sorry I don’t have any pictures of these, they would have looked very nice in a differently coloured bird. This part stumped me and took ages to resolve.

I left the feathers conundrum to simmer in the back of my head and moved to raven feet. I made mine out of wire that I covered with pipe cleaners and then wool.


Although the feet looked nice enough, they were not too lifelike. As it turns out, the wire was also not too sturdy for something this big, since it became clear it was too soft to hold the raven’s body at the angle I wanted. The poor thing stood too much like a duck!


It became clear I needed to replace the feet, so I did some surgery: I cut the original wire out, then added a sturdier one and repaired the cut site with more wool and felting. I had an idea to use polymer clay on the feet at first because I thought it would look more lifelike but it was an absolute fail: clay, once hardened, has obviously no yield and therefore can’t be posed, which can be a problem depending on the surface you’re placing your sculpted animal on. Back to wool it was.

Enter a magic technique I had never tried before: wax.
Adding wax to wool makes it look less like fibre and more like a proper part of animal anatomy. See below:


You can see by one of the pictures above that I got the feathers to work eventually. After much musing I cut felt sheets to size and put the sewing machine to work to add the central stem you normally see in real feathers. Some of them still had wire in them for structure.

Because I really love how the feet looked after adding the wax, I couldn’t wait to play with this new-to-me material on another part of the corvid: the eyelids.

Here’s an image of my raven without eyelids. The poor thing looks too startled and weird to be real.


Now behold, with eyelids!


What a difference. I wonder how I made it without using wax on sculptures this long.

After making more longer feathers for the tail, my corvid was ready to be unveiled. Photographing black wool is notoriously difficult so I apologise for not having more professional-looking pictures to show, but I believe these show you the end result well enough.


This chap has been named Huginn (old Norwegian for “thought”) after one of Odin’s ravens. I think it suits him.

I felt sorry to send Huginn to his forever home. After spending so much time (5 months!) working on him on and off, I really built a connection with this character. I’m glad he’s receiving much love and will even have a custom-built dome to keep him protected against the elements…

Let me know what you think of him in the comments, and if you’ve any questions about the making process I’ll do my best to answer them. Thanks for reading.

38 thoughts on “Making a raven (and the mistakes in the process)

    1. Thank you! It is indeed an honour when a wild raven chooses us as a friend, I hope one day to be adopted by one too. In the meantime I’ll have to be content with the needle felted kind πŸ™‚

  1. Very nice, Leonor. I love your use of wax on the wool. I will have to keep that in mind to achieve that effect. It worked so well. What is the beak made from? I am sure that the new owner will treasure Huginn.

    1. Thanks, Ruth. Wax worked a charm! Took me a little to get used to it (I practiced on Huginn’s first set of legs first) but the results are well worth the hassle.
      The beak is wood, my other half carved it for me. It’s great having an artist at hand for help!

    1. Thanks, Marilyn! It was hard work (and a lot of musing) but I’m very happy.
      The beak is wood from a leftover canvas that Emanuel had around, he carved it for me πŸ™‚

  2. Brilliant, I really love him. Lots of character and very life-like. The wax made such a difference.

  3. The eyelids are so perfect! Amazing how you fitted the beak in – it looks so natural. What a difference the wax made to the feet.
    The raven is magnificent.
    Thank you for sharing your journey with us – fascinating read!

    1. So glad you like him! The beak has a hole drilled through on the inside so it’s stitched in place πŸ˜‰
      Wax is amazing and I’m never doing without it ever again!
      Thanks for reading πŸ™‚

  4. A fabulous raven. I have seen him on Facebook from time to time. I will make sure Jan gets over here to see him. She likes to do sculptures but is without internet until later this week.

  5. Wowza! Huggin is fabulous and will be much admired. Thank you for taking us through your process warts and all, it is a great way for me to learn.
    You have a clever other half to make such a sculpted beak.
    The wax has created a very natural looking effect. I’ve seen it used on a much larger Felt sculpture but can’t find the link to the video at the mo, if I do I’ll forward it.

    1. Thanks for taking the time to read about it, warts and all πŸ˜€
      My other half is a professional fine arts painter and sculptor, very useful to have when accessories are needed!
      Please do, I’d love to see more examples of wax in sculptures. Thanks!

  6. WOW! Hugging is magnificent! I don’t normally find myself attracted to Felted animals but a Raven is something I would be happy to have sitting in my studio. You’ve done a great job and the wax is perfect for the claws and eyes. Also love the beak. Thanks for sharing your techniques.

  7. Your Raven is so beautiful. And thank you for showing your technique and all the tips and hints. I bought an imitation Skull and would love to have a go at making a Raven to stand on the Skull but not sure if I’m as capable as you thought as yours is so realistic and amazing. I don’t know how you parted with him 😍

    1. Thanks, Annette! Ooh, a raven atop a skull would look fierce and beautiful πŸ˜€

      The best thing about felting is that you don’t have to stick to the one thing you made! Don’t like it? Try again. You never fail, you just find one more way *not* to do it πŸ˜‰

    1. I can’t recall now, sorry… but the best way for you to gauge your best size would be to see what size you’re making – if life-size, then maybe do an online search for how big raven eyes are and go from there? πŸ™‚

  8. WOW Leanore, he is gorgeous, and his eye lids look so real. If Annette hadn’t commented today I might never have seen him, at least not for ages. I’m busy trawling through the posts which were published before I joined, but I’ve started from the other end – I must start jumping around!

    1. Thanks, Ann! What a difference a bit of wax makes, isn’t it? I’m glad you like this wee chap, he was a lot of fun to make (especially because the person who commissioned it is a lovely lady).

  9. Good Evening from Ottawa Ontario
    Would you perhaps have the instructions you used or the template? I e been looking for a raven pattern everywhere and can’t find one. Your creation is beautiful!
    Could you sell me the instructions.. somehow?
    My email.. 4

    1. Hi, Linda

      Thanks for your kind words about my work! I’m afraid I didn’t use a template, but one idea you can use is to print out the skeleton of a raven in the size you wish to make, then create a wire armature in the same size. From then on, it’s just a matter of surrounding the armature with fibre and needle felting it into the appropriate shape…

      There’s a creator on YouTube called North of the Border who uses this “print and make the armature” technique – he uses polymer clay to sculpt but the main idea is the same. If you look at a couple of his videos you should see how he does it. I hope this helps! πŸ™‚

  10. That’s a useful tip, thanks Leonor. It’s a common sense answer really when you stop and think about it.

    1. Hi, Ann. It’s so easy for one to become overwhelmed when one *really* wants a specific thing created! I understand the wish to find someone who might have the perfect answer πŸ™‚

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